1st International Symposium On Biotechnology (2023),  [157-166]

AUTHOR(S) / АУТОР(И): Jelena Tomić, Boris Rilak, Marijana Pešaković, Žaklina Karaklajić Stajić, Svetlana M. Paunović


Download Full Pdf   

DOI: 10.46793/SBT28.157T


To identify and compare the differences in productivity and fruit quality of strawberry cultivar ‘Senga Sengana’ grown in open field and protected area fruits were harvested in 2021 in the region of Western Serbia. The yield, physical (fruit weight, dimensions, firmness), chemical (total soluble solids (TSS), total (TS) and invert sugars (IS), sucrose (SUC), titrable acids (TA), pH, sweetness index (TS/TA)) and nutritive traits (vitamin C, total phenols, total anthocyanins and antioxidative activity) of the fruits were analyzed. Significantly higher yield per area unit, fruit weight and length, TSS, sugars, organic acids, sweetness index and nutritive qulity were recorded in the fruits from protected area. Growing strawberries in a protected area, in addition to ensuring a safe yield, also has a positive effect on both the sensory and nutritional composition of the fruit.


strawberry, yield, physical traits, chemical composition


  • AOAC. (1995). Official methods of analysis (16th ed.). Washington, DC: Association of Official Analytical Chemists.
  • Brand-Williams, W., Cuvelier, M.E., and Berset, C.L.W.T. (1995). Use of a free radical method to evaluate antioxidant activity. Food Science and Technology-LEB, 28(1), 25-30.
  • Egan H, Kirk R., Sawyer R. (1981). The Luff Schoorl method. Sugarsm and preserves. In: Pearson`s chemical analysis of foods. 8th edition, Longman Scientific and Technical: Harlow, UK, pp. 152‒153
  • Fecka I, Bednarska K, Włodarczyk M. (2022). Fragaria × ananassa cv. Senga Sengana Leaf: An Agricultural Waste with Antiglycation Potential and High Content of Ellagitannins, Flavonols, and 2-Pyrone-4,6-dicarboxylic Acid. Molecules. 27(16): 5293.
  • Hosseinian F.S., Li W., Beta T. (2008). Measurement of anthocyanins and other phytochemicals in purple wheat. Food Chemistry, 109, 916-924.
  • Jouquand C., Chandler C., Plotto A., Goodner K. (2008). A sensory and chemical analysis of fresh strawberries over harvest dates and seasons reveals factors that affect eating quality. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science, 133, 859-867.
  • Liu M., Li X.Q., Weber C., Lee C.Y., Brown J., Liu R.H. (2002). Antioxidant and antiproliferative activities of raspberries. Journal of Agriculture and Food Chemistry, 50, 2926-2930.
  • Mandave P.C., Pawar P.K., Ranjekar P.K., Mantri N., Kuvalekar A.A. (2014). Comprehensive evaluation of in vitro antioxidant activity, total phenols and chemical profiles of two commercially important strawberry varieties. Sci. Hortic. 172, 124–134.
  • Milošević T., Milošević N., Glišić I., Mladenović J. (2012). Fruit quality attributes of blackberry grown under limited envronmental conditions. Plant Soil Environ 58 (7): 322-327.
  • Sánchez‐Moreno C., Larrauri J.A., Saura‐Calixto F. (1998). A procedure to measure the antiradical efficiency of polyphenols. Journal of Science of Food Agriculture, 76, 270-276.
  • Sun J., Chu Y.F., Wu X., and Liu R.H. (2002). Antioxidant and antiproliferative activities of common fruits. J. Agric. Food Chem. 50(25), 7449–7454.
  • Suntornsuk L., Gritsanapun W., Nilkamhank S., Paochom A. (2002). Quantitation of vitamin C content in herbal juice using direct titration. Journal of pharmaceutical and biomedical analysis. 28(5), 849-855.
  • Torre L.C., Barritt B.H. (1977). Quantitative evaluation of Rubus fruit anthocyanin pigments. Journal of Food Science, 42(2), 488-490.
  • Vinson J.A., Su X., Zubik L., Bose P. (2001). Phenol antioxidant quantity and quality in foods: fruits. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 49(11), 5315-5321.
  • Wang, S.Y., and Jiao, H. (2000). Scavenging capacity of berry crops on superoxide radicals, hydrogen peroxide, hydroxyl radicals, and singlet oxygen. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 48(11), 5677-5684.
  • Zarić V., Duričanin T., Rajković B. (2015). Analiza marketinškog kanala jagoda u Republici Srbiji. Published in Zbornik radova sa 5. Savetovanja „Inovacije u voćarstvu“, tema „Savremena proizvodnja jagode“, Milivojević J. (ed.), pp. 143-153. Beograd, Republika Srbija: Poljoprivredni fakultet, Beograd.
  • Zheng J., Huang C., Yang B., Kallio H., Liu P., Ou S. (2019). Regulation of phytochemicals in fruits and berries by environmental variation—Sugars and organic acids. Journal of Food Biochemistry, 43(6), e12642.