Protein amino acids as a complete (periodic) system

Chemia Naissensis Volume 2, No.1 (2019) (стр. 1-47) 

АУТОР(И) / AUTHOR(S): Miloje Rakočević


Download Full Pdf   

DOI: 10.46793/ChemN2.1.001R


Referring to the results of previous research on the Cipher of genetic code and analogies of genetic and chemical code – two overall complete natural systems – this paper presents the results of the study on the most complete Protein Amino Acids System (PAAS). It is shown that 20 protein amino acids appear to be a complete system – ordered, coherent, and harmonic. In such a system, all chemical distinctions within the system are accompanied by specific arithmetical and algebraic regularities, including the existence of amino acid ordinal numbers from 1 to 20. The classification of amino acids into two decades (1-10 and 11-20) appears to be in a strict correspondence with the balances of the number of atoms. From the existence of harmonic structures and arrangements of AAs, regardless of whether they are or not the constituents of the genetic code follow the conclusions that the genetic code, through its main constituents – 20 AAs and 4 Py-Pu bases – was complete even in prebiotic conditions.


Protein amino acids, Amino acid code, Genetic code, Binary tree, Gray code, Golden mean, Fibonacci series.