1st International Conference on Chemo and BioInformatics, ICCBIKG 2021, (133-136)
AUTHOR(S) / АУТОР(И): M. Z. Uđilanović, S. D. Vasiljević, Z. S. Šimšić
E-ADRESS / Е-АДРЕСА: email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com
ABSTRACT / САЖЕТАК:
Plants are very important for proper human nutrition, so the content of essential elements was investigated in two poppy species. Essential elements such as Ca, Na, K, Mg, Fe, Cu, Co, Mn, Mo and Zn play a vital role in various biological processes. Samples of roots, stems, leaves and seeds of Papaver rhoeas L. and Papaver somniferum were acid dissolved and analyzed by inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometer (ICP-OES). The highest concentration of Ca was contained in leaf samples ML1 and ML2 with values of 38618.90 and 33320.15 mg/kg, the root of Papaver rhoeas L. had the highest concentration of Na with a value of 1651.07 mg/kg, while the leaf had the highest concentration of Mg of 4400.04 mg/kg. The leaf Papaver somniferum contains the highest concentration of K with a value of 61595.90 mg/kg, the root samples MK1 and MK2, both poppies had the highest Fe of 1254.21 and 1620.16 mg/kg. Seeds of both poppies, Papaver rhoeas L. and Papaver somniferum, contain the highest concentration of Cu with values of 30.57 and 22.20 mg/kg, Mn with values of 71.99 and 58.10 mg/kg and Zn with values of 76.99 and 82.09 mg/kg. The Co content in all samples was low.
KEY WORDS / КЉУЧНЕ РЕЧИ:
Papaver rhoeas L., Papaver somniferum, essential elements, ICP-OES, nutrition
REFERENCES / ЛИТЕРАТУРА:
- Bernáth , Medicinal and Aromatic Plants – Industrial Profiles, Poppy, The Genus Papaver, (2006), Vol. 3. Department of Medicinal Plant Production. University of Horticulture and Food Industry. Budapest, Hungary.
- World Anti-Doping Agency. Standard Prohibited List, International Standard, (2017), 1–9. Available from: https://wada-ama.org/sites/default/files/resources/files/2016-09-29_-_wada_prohibited_list_2017_eng_final.pdf
- Papaver somniferum, Papaver bracteatum. USDA, NRCS. 2007. The PLANTS Database. http://plants.usda.gov , (2009) National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490
- Williams, R. J. P. The chemical elements of life. Journal of the Chemical Society, Dalton Transactions, S, (1991), 539–546. https://doi.org/10.1039/DT9910000539
- Aggett P, Nordberg GF, Nordberg M. Essential Metals: Assessing Risks from Deficiency and Toxicity. Fourth Edition. Vol. 1, Handbook on the Toxicology of Metals, (2015), 281–297.
- Maret, W. The metals in the biological periodic system of the elements: Concepts and conjectures. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, (2016), 17(1), 1–8. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms17010066
- Zoroddu, M. A., Aaseth, J., Crisponi, G., Medici, S., Peana, M., & Nurchi, V. M. The essential metals for humans: a brief overview. Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry, (2019), 195, 120–129. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jinorgbio.2019.03.013
- Freake, H. C., & Sankavaram, K. Zinc: Physiology, Dietary Sources, and Requirements. In Encyclopedia of Human Nutrition, (2012), (Vols. 4–4). https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-375083- 9.00286-5
- Chen P, Bornhorst J, Aschner M. Manganese metabolism in humans. Front Biosci – Landmark. (2018), 23 (9),1655–79. https://doi.org/10.2741/4665
- Dietary Reference Values for nutrients Summary report. EFSA Support Publ, (2017), 14 (12), https://doi.org/10.2903/sp.efsa.2017.e15121
- Stanković, I., Miletić, I., & Dordević, B. Vitamini i minerali kao esencijelni nutrijenti [Vitamins and minerals as essential nutrients]. Arhiv Za Farmaciju, (2009), 59 (2–3), 81–90. https://farfar.pharmacy.bg.ac.rs/bitstream/id/239/1307.pdf
- Senila, L., Neag, E., Cadar, O., Kovacs, M. H., Becze, A., & Senila, M. Chemical, nutritional and antioxidant characteristics of different food seeds. Applied Sciences (Switzerland), (2020), 10 (5). https://doi.org/10.3390/app10051589
- Musa Özcan, M., & Atalay, Ç. Determination of seed and oil properties of some poppy (Papaver somniferum L.) varieties. Grasas y Aceites, (2006), 57(2), 169–174. https://doi.org/10.3989/gya.2006.v57.i2.33
- Azcan, N., Ozturk Kalender, B., & Kara, M. Investigation of Turkish poppy seeds and seed oils. Chemistry of Natural Compounds, (2004), 40(4), 370–372. https://doi.org/10.1023/B:CONC.0000048250.81843.0a
- S. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE, Agricultural Research Service https://fdc.nal.usda.gov/fdc-app.html#/?query=poppyJ. Schaff, C.C. Fink, B. Slepohenko, J.H. Carson, L.M. Loew., A General Computational Framework for Modeling Cellular Structure and Function, Biophysical Journal, 73 (1997) 1135-1146.